Cannabis is by far the most popular psychoactive herb used worldwide. According to a UN report, some 162 million people, making up 4% of the world’s population, use cannabis at least once a year. Due to the legal stigma often associated with cannabis use, these numbers are probably negatively skewed though.
Given that sort of popularity, it is hardly surprising that the three Cannabis strains, Cannabis indica, Cannabis sativa, and Cannabis ruderalis, are known under scores of nicknames. Bud, weed, pot, Mary Jane, herb, grass, tree, and green are only some of these names.
Most of the wanted effects of Cannabis are attributed to tetrahydrocannabinol or THC. The plant contains scores of active constituents though, of which “only” 483 are known. As far as cannabinoids are concerned, some 84 of them are present in cannabis.
Cannabis is consumed in a variety of ways. Some people smoke it, others vape the bud, while still others simply ingest it. It delivers the expected effects regardless of the method of consumption. Though smoking or vaping weed, makes the effects come up faster and last shorter. When eating weed, it may take up to 1 hour before effects are felt.
What makes a small/large dose of cannabis?
25 mg are considered the threshold dose. Above it, up to 66 mg, the dose is a light one. From 66 mg to 100 mg, we are looking at a common dose. Strong doses span the 100-150 mg range. Anything above 150 mg is a heavy dose.
Some people have made a habit of “stretching” their bud as long as possible, by keeping their doses small. Some vapers offer a good kick out of very small doses, so that is certainly one way to make bud last.
What are the vaunted effects of cannabis?
Above and beyond effects categorized as “recreational,” cannabis may offer some real health benefits.
I wrote a complete article about the effects of cannabis on sleep. Sleepiness is usually an effect that comes about once the main effects of the herb start wearing off. Indeed, sedation is one of its main effects. Some Cannabis strains may achieve a mildly stimulating effect even at low doses, but generally speaking, the effect is one of sedation. There’s an element of habituation involved in this sedation/stimulation duality. Thus, the first dose following a period of abstinence is likely to be more stimulating than it would normally be.
As far as dreams are concerned, cannabis suppresses them. Apparently, it suppresses the REM stage of sleep, and as long as it is actively taken, it effectively eliminates dreams. It also triggers a rebound effect however, so when consumption is discontinued, dreaming flares up at an increased intensity.
Cannabis enhances emotions. According to many, this is its most significant cognitive effect.
It has the ability to stimulate appetite. Higher doses will trigger an appetite-suppression effect though.
It suppresses nausea. It offers effective relief to the nausea resulting from chemotherapy, and it is apparently used quite frequently to that end.
The herb induces a bodily “high” which is quite inconsistent in both frequency and quality.
Cannabis decreases blood pressure. It causes muscle relaxation and some loss of motor control. Despite its anti-nausea effects, at very high doses, cannabis can be nauseating.
Pain relief is yet another potentially important medical benefit of cannabis. It is especially effective for chronic pain and certain types of headaches.
Physical euphoria may not be a medical benefit, but it is certainly one of the most sought-after effects of cannabis.
Marijuana with high CBD and low THC content has apparently been successfully used for seizure suppression.